What Are the Rules for Adding and Subtracting Positive and Negative Integers

The subtraction rules are similar to those of addition. If, for two positive numbers, the first number is greater than the second, then the result is another positive number. Subtracting a positive number from a negative number is equivalent to adding a negative number. In other words, it makes the negative number more negative. If you subtract a large positive number from a smaller positive number, you get a negative number. Find the sum of a positive number and a negative number by subtracting the number with the smallest value from the number with the largest value. The sign is that of the greatest number. The last two examples showed us that removing balloons (subtracting a positive) or adding weights (adding a negative) causes the basket to fall. Positive and negative numbers are two major classes of numbers used in mathematics and also in everyday transactions such as money management or weight measurement. Thus, when we subtract a negative, we gain points (i.e. the same as adding points). Subtracting positive numbers is just a simple subtraction. If you subtract a negative number from another negative number, the negative signs cancel each other out again to become a plus sign.

The answer has the sign of the greatest number. Adding positive and negative numbers is easy when both numbers have the same sign. Just find the sum of the numbers and keep the sign. For example: Here are some examples. These examples use integers , but the same rules apply to decimals and fractions. It doesn`t matter if you subtract positives or add negatives, you always lose points. Consider numbers as balloons (positive) and weights (negative): Yes, indeed! Subtracting a negative is like adding! There are rules for adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing positive and negative numbers. In general, it is easier to perform operations with negative numbers if they are placed in parentheses to keep them separate.

Numeric lines can be positive and make numbers easier to understand. Subtracting a negative number from a positive number cancels out the negative signs and becomes a simple addition. This makes the positive number more positive. They are “like signs” when they are similar (in other words, the same). “If you are nice, we add 3 points (+3). If you are mean, we will take away 3 points (−3). If you score 30 points, you get a toy. Then Dad admits that he spilled the milk and wrote “undo.” Start at −3 on the number line, advance 2 and you finish at −1 Ally can be cheeky or kind. So Ally`s parents said, let`s say your current balance is $80, so you have: An easy way to do this is to subtract the smallest number from the largest number and change the sign of the answer to a minus. See: “15 − (+3)” and “15 + (−3)” both give 12. . .